The Indian Gem and Jewellery sector is a significant contributor to the country's GDP, employing over 4.64 million people. Despite being globally recognized for its craftsmanship and variety, the industry faces several challenges such as lack of industry status, inadequate talent retention programs, unorganized market, lack of transparency, and access to finance, which has hindered its growth. The sector is also fragmented and unorganized, resulting in a lack of data on workers and units. To address these issues, an architectural intervention can be one of the solutions to bridge the gap between the existing conditions and the industry's true potential. The Gems and Jewellery Park, a proposed Special Economic Zone, aims to provide an integrated industrial park with all facilities under one roof, which includes identification, grading, and certification of diamonds, a gem and jewelry training institute, a gem-testing lab, an assaying and hallmarking center, government offices, manufacturing units, commercial areas, residences for industrial workers, and commercial support services. Chhattisgarh, being one of the richest regions in terms of mineral wealth, has the potential to emerge as a diamond bowl, and the Gems and Jewellery Park can serve as a hub for goldsmiths, refineries, cutting and polishing, and generate employment opportunities for the local population.
The proposed Gems and Jewellery Park in Chhattisgarh will provide an opportunity to address the challenges faced by the industry and to achieve its full potential. The park will create a world-class infrastructure that will allow the sector to move up the value chain and promote export of value-added jewellery. It will provide access to modern technology, machinery and equipment, which will result in higher productivity and better quality products. The establishment of a Special Economic Zone will enable the sector to take advantage of various fiscal incentives and facilitate exports. The creation of a gem-testing lab, an assaying and hallmarking centre and other back-end components will help in standardizing and certifying the products, which will in turn, increase the credibility of the sector. The Gems and Jewellery Park will be a game-changer for the sector, not just in Chhattisgarh, but for the entire country. It has the potential to make India a global leader in the gem and jewellery industry and contribute significantly to the country's economy.